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7 Facts about Orangutan

Prepared by Arif Nugroho

1- Where Orangutan can be found?

Orangutan lives in Sumatera and Borneo. Between those islands have a similarity of biodiversity, make sense if a long time ago these islands were attached to each other. The population of orangutan is decreasing by deforestation. Orangutan who live in Borneo and Sumatera are different species.  Pongo pygmaeus in Borneo and Pongo abelii in Sumatera. The latest research found new species in Sumatera Pongo tapanuliensis

2- What the meaning of Orangutan?

People called this primate not only Orangutan but also Kahiu, Mawas, and others, it depends on the people and tribe. In Malay orang means “person” and utan is nickname from hutan, which means “forest.” Thus, orangutan literally means “person of the forest.”

3-  How tall Orangutan able to reach?

Average tall of male Bornean Orangutan is between 1,2-1,5 meters. Female a bit shorter. But, Orangutan has a very long arm. When they stretch out, the arm is longer than their bodies – up to 2,5 meters. This arm is longer than feet. It really helps with living arboreal.

4-  What the Orangutan eat? Do they eat meat?

Orangutan dietary is mostly vegetarian, they eat all parts of the tree. They usually choose some tree and its parts to eat, such as fruit, flower, leaf, bark, root or young meristematic issues of a plant. They also eat ants and termite. Sometimes they also harvesting honey bee. Orangutan doesn’t well-known as a predator who eats meat, but some reference said that Orangutan eats birds egg and hunting for a small primate like Slow Loris. But,  this is very rare.

5-  How long Orangutan able to live?

In the wild, Orangutan live round 45 years old. In captivity, they live longer, able to reach round 50 years old. The oldest Orangutan in the world (in captivity) is called Guas, was died by 58 years old. In Camp Leakey, Tanjung Puting National Park, the oldest Orangutan called Ahmad, round 54 years old. Latest news Puan- An Sumatran Orangutan was died on 62 years old in a zoo Perth Australia 18/06/18  Please check for detail info https://sains.kompas.com/read/2018/06/19/120500023/orangutan-sumatera-tertua-di-dunia-mati-pada-usia-62-tahun

6-  Do they fall down from the tree when are they moving?

Orangutans are dextrous, they have strong muscle. The body designed for living arboreal,  spending most the time in the trees.  So that why Orangutan have longer hands than feet.  They also use their mouth to grab something.  Orangutans have tremendous strength, which enables them to brachiate and hang upside-down from branches for long periods of time. In the wild,  Orangutan falling down of the tree is very rare.  It maybe happen when two big male fighting and they break the branches.  Some baby Orangutan is fallen from around 10 meter high, but it was fine.

7-  How old the Orangutan turned mature?

Every species and sub-species turned mature differently. Food security is one of the main reason  as Bornean Orangutan in Tanjung Puting National Park female Orangutan will turn mature when they are 12 years old  Although in the wild, females usually give birth to their first offspring when they are 15-16 years of age, in captivity females as young as eight years old have given birth. Male Orangutan will turn mature when they are 19 years old

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